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Canterbury Cathedral Cloister Garden
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Getting to Canterbury from London
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Easy-access downloads let you quickly download hi-res, non-watermarked images. Unless you have a written agreement with Getty Images stating otherwise, Easy-access downloads are for comp purposes and are not licensed for use in a final project. Mix and match royalty-free images, videos, and editorial with packs that never expire. It was constructed with careful regard to hygiene, with a stream of water running through it from end to end. A second smaller dormitory for the conventual officers ran from east to west.
The infirmary had a small kitchen of its own. Opposite the refectory door in the cloister were two lavatories, where the monks washed before and after eating. The buildings devoted to hospitality were divided into three groups. The prior's group were "entered at the south-east angle of the green court, placed near the most sacred part of the cathedral, as befitting the distinguished ecclesiastics or nobility who were assigned to him.
The inferior pilgrims and paupers were relegated to the north hall or almonry, just within the gate. Priors of Christ Church Priory included John of Sittingbourne elected , previously a monk of the priory and William Chillenden, elected , previously monk and treasurer of the priory. Early in the 14th century, Prior Eastry erected a stone quire screen and rebuilt the chapter house, and his successor, Prior Oxenden inserted a large five-light window into St Anselm's chapel. From the late 14th century the nave and transepts were rebuilt, on the Norman foundations in the Perpendicular style under the direction of the noted master mason Henry Yevele.
Most of the work was done during the priorate of Thomas Chillenden — : Chillenden also built a new quire screen at the east end of the nave, into which Eastry's existing screen was incorporated. From the cloisters were repaired and remodelled by Yevele's pupil Stephen Lote who added the lierne vaulting. It was during this period that the wagon-vaulting of the chapter house was created. A shortage of money, and the priority given to the rebuilding of the cloisters and chapterhouse meant that the rebuilding of the west towers was neglected.
The south-west tower was not replaced until , and the Norman north-west tower survived until , when it was replaced by a replica of its Perpendicular companion.
A perfect day in Canterbury
In about the south transept apse was removed to make way for a chapel, founded by Lady Margaret Holland and dedicated to St Michael and All Angels. The north transept apse was replaced by a Lady Chapel, built in — Further strengthening was found necessary around the beginning of the 16th century, when buttressing arches were added under the southern and western tower arches. The tower is often known as the "Angel Steeple", after a gilded angel that once stood on one of its pinnacles.
The cathedral ceased to be an abbey during the Dissolution of the Monasteries when all religious houses were suppressed.
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Canterbury surrendered in March , and reverted to its previous status of 'a college of secular canons'. According to the cathedral's own website, it had been a Benedictine monastery since the s. The New Foundation came into being on 8 April In , during the English Civil War , Puritan iconoclasts caused significant damage during their "cleansing" of the cathedral. In , the joiner Roger Davis, citizen of London, removed the 13th century misericords and replaced them with two rows of his own work on each side of the quire. Some of Davis's misericords have a distinctly medieval flavour and he may have copied some of the original designs.
When Sir George Gilbert Scott carried out renovations in the 19th century, he replaced the front row of Davis' misericords, with new ones of his own design, which seem to include many copies of those at Gloucester Cathedral , Worcester Cathedral and New College, Oxford. Most of the statues that currently adorn the west front of the cathedral were installed in the s when the South Porch was being renovated.
At that time, the niches were vacant and the Dean of the cathedral thought that the appearance of the cathedral would be improved if they were filled. The Victorian sculptor Theodore Pfyffers was commissioned to create the statues and most of them were installed by the end of the s. There are currently 53 statues representing various figures who have been influential in the life of the cathedral and the English church such as clergy, members of the royal family, saints, and theologians. The original towers of Christ Church Gate were removed in and were replaced in The statue of Christ was replaced in with a bronze sculpture of Christ by Klaus Ringwald.
The original Norman northwest tower, which had a lead spire until ,  was demolished in owing to structural concerns. In , there were six residentiary canonries, of which one was annexed to the Archdeaconry of Canterbury and another to that of Maidstone. There was no significant damage to the stonework or interior and the damage was quickly repaired.
During the bombing raids of the Second World War its library was destroyed,  but the cathedral did not sustain extensive bomb damage; the local Fire Wardens doused any flames on the wooden roof. In , a new Martyrdom Altar was installed in the north west transept, on the spot where Thomas Becket was slain, the first new altar in the cathedral for years. Mounted on the wall above it is a metal sculpture by Truro sculptor Giles Blomfield depicting a cross flanked by two bloodstained swords which, together with the shadows they cast, represent the four knights who killed Becket.
In , Sarah Mullally and Rachel Treweek became the first women to be ordained as bishops in the cathedral, as Bishop of Crediton and Bishop of Gloucester respectively. The cathedral is also used as one of the venues for the graduation ceremonies of the University of Kent  and Canterbury Christ Church University.
Much of the stonework at Canterbury Cathedral is damaged and crumbling, the roofs are leaking and much of the stained glass is badly corroded. The last quinquennial structural review  revealed that a combination of centuries of weathering, pollution and constant use had taken its toll on the ancient building and some serious problems were in need of urgent action.
The single biggest challenge is the roof. The cathedral is covered by a huge expanse of lead and whilst the majority of the wooden framework remains sound, much of the lead itself needs replacing. In addition, a large amount of concrete encasing the bottom of the roof beams needs to be removed and replaced with traditional wooden footers.
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Conservation of the external masonry, particularly on the northern side of the building, is equally important. The cathedral is in part built of Caen stone. Detailed archaeological studies are undertaken to identify exactly which stones need to be replaced or repaired. In addition, specialist cleaning techniques are used to remove accumulated chemical deposits which are very damaging to the building. As regards the interior, priorities include decoration of the vaults of the Trinity Chapel , major improvements to the Treasury building which contains, amongst other things, the choir practice rooms, and conservation work in several other chapels.
Many have already been conserved and protected by the team of stained glass conservators led by Leonie Seliger. The Foundation is the authorised staffing establishment of the cathedral, few of whom are clergy. The head of the cathedral is the Dean , currently Robert Willis , who is assisted by a chapter of 30 canons , four of whom are residentiary, the others being honorary appointments of senior clergy in the diocese.
There are also a number of lay canons who altogether form the greater chapter which has the legal responsibility both for the cathedral itself and also for the formal election of an archbishop when there is a vacancy-in-see. By English law and custom they may only elect the person who has been nominated by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister.
The Foundation also includes the choristers, lay clerks, organists, King's Scholars , the Six Preachers and a range of other officers; some of these posts are moribund, such as that of the cathedral barber. The cathedral has a work force of over many of whom work part-time , and approximately volunteers.
As of 22 December . Canterbury Cathedral receives no government or state funding and only occasional grants from English Heritage. It is not funded by the Church of England. The Church Commissioners pay the salary of the dean and two of the residentiary canons only. The cathedral is therefore largely self-funded. The "Save Canterbury Cathedral" appeal was launched in October to protect and enhance the cathedral's future as a centre of worship, heritage and culture.
The core part of the fundraising programme is focused on the cathedral's fabric. Fabric conservation is the most urgent element of the campaign. Fundraising for the appeal will take place over a number of years both nationally and internationally, stressing the cathedral's role as the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion and as a World Heritage Site. An integrated conservation programme that addresses the priority areas has been drawn up by the cathedral's Surveyor to the Fabric, John Burton.
Major repair and conservation projects to be funded by the appeal include roofs of the nave, aisles , and North West and South East Transepts ; stone carvings, pinnacles and stone facings of the Bell Harry Tower ; work on the North side of the Corona Chapel;  conservation of the Christ Church Gate entry to the Precincts; conservation of stained glass and surrounding stonework throughout the cathedral; and preservation of the collection of historic books and manuscripts. In addition, there are plans to refurbish the cathedral pipe organ and renovations to the Choir House have already been completed, providing better facilities for choristers.
Improvements are planned to the fabric of the library buildings and to the cathedral's audio-visual and lighting systems which will significantly benefit visitors including the disabled, visually impaired and hard of hearing.